Looking for important travel information while backpacking in Bulgaria? Here you will find information on working in Bulgaria, entry visas, Bulgaria hostels, and much more.
Table of Contents
- Facts About Bulgaria
- Entry Visa Requirements
- Foreigner Work Permits and Backpacker Jobs
- Bulgaria Hostels and Budget Accommodation
Facts About Bulgaria
Bulgaria is one of Europe’s most diverse and naturally beautiful destinations. It is a small country situated in the southeast of Europe on the Balkan Peninsula. It boasts towering mountains and deep valleys, giving visitors great opportunities for skiing, hiking, walking and mountain biking.
There are six different ranges with much to offer, from snow-capped mountains to lush green forests with thermal springs and mineral spas. In contrast, the scenic Black Sea coast has fine sandy beaches and inviting blue waters making Bulgaria a popular destination for holidaymakers and travellers alike.
The colourful culture, hospitality and folklore traditions still exist and have stayed unchanged for centuries. Throughout the summer, regular folk rituals and festivals are held all around the country, where Bulgarian culture, hospitality and friendliness shine through making any visitor feel very welcome.
The Valley of the Roses is in the very heart of the country and each year is transformed with breath-taking blooms in May and June. The festival of the Roses is celebrated in towns across the region with rose picking rituals and folklore displays. Bulgaria is rapidly developing as a popular tourist destination, where you are seeking a relaxing beach break, skiing down the slopes or taking in the culture, this magical country has it all.
- Currency Lev (2.3 to £1 sterling)
- Time Zone GMT +2 (GMT +3 from April to September)
- Language Bulgarian
- Telephone Services +359
- Emergency Numbers Ambulance 150 Fire 160 Police 166
Climate in Bulgaria
Bulgarian summers are generally comfortable, with low humidity and temperatures averaging 24 degrees. The Black Sea resorts offer sunbathing from May until October, while in winter heavy falls of snow are guaranteed the skiing resorts. It frequently rains during spring and autumn.
Things to do in Bulgaria
Bulgaria’s capital Sofia is diverse and compact with a great mix of architectural styles which were mainly built after the WWII bombings. The city boasts many great art galleries, museums and opera houses and the churches in Sofia are well worth a visit, especially as some date back to the early 14th Century.
From earlier times, Sofia’s main attraction has been its thermal springs which are still in public use today. The city is bursting with character, its various bazaars, markets and open-air cafes give it a cosmopolitan, laid back atmosphere with plenty to see and do.
Rila is south of Sofia and provides the perfect mountain locations for hikers. The great trip across the mountains to the Rila Monastery can be done in a few days. The monastery was originally founded in the 10th century and is admired by many for its unusual architectural features. Visitors can enjoy its valuable museum collection with jewellery, textiles and old manuscripts. Rila also gives visitors an excellent starting point for discovering the surrounding areas of Bulgaria.
For beach lovers, Bulgaria has dozens of attractive resorts on the Black Sea coastline. Golden Sands, is the largest resort on the Black Sea coastline and provides a varied range of eating spots and probably the best nightlife in the area.
Albena is the newest resort and is surrounded by lush forests. Its magnificent 7 kilometre long sandy beach and calm waters make it a haven for relaxing, sunbathing and ‘taking it easy’. If you feel like treating yourself, many of the hotels in these resorts offer impressive health, beauty and spa treatment that promise to help you to relieve stress and really relax.
If you are feeling more energetic, there are many sporting activities on offer, including waterskiing, paragliding and volleyball. The daily costs for food and drink also make Bulgaria an attractive destination with a bottle of beer costing 50p and a two-course meal for one costing £4.00.
Bulgaria is fast growing as a popular skiing destination with recent improvements in the three major ski resorts in the country. Excellent skiing conditions can be found, especially for intermediate and novice skiers.
Borovets is the largest and oldest mountain resort in Bulgaria, conveniently located just 45 miles south of Sofia. There are several well-run hotels with a superb network of ski runs for every ability. Many of the hotels offer indoor swimming pools, saunas and gyms and also provide much of the nightlife. There are also wine bars, folk taverns, clubs and discos for those apres ski drinking sessions.
Nature lovers might like to visit one of Bulgaria’s national parks where in recent years facilities have really improved. Outdoor and nature enthusiasts will find a variety of different types of accommodation offered, including lodges, private chalets, small hotels with camping also becoming more available to visitors.
Tours and activities in Bulgaria
A good way to get an idea of what to do is to scan the activities offered by Get Your Guide or Viator. They work directly with local tour operators, so you won’t have to scour the internet or roam around town trying to find the best deal.
How to Travel Around Bulgaria
Bulgaria’s domestic service Bulgaria Air connects Sofia with the coast and other main towns. Journeys from Sofia to Bourgas and Varna can be made in one hour by air travel and it’s fairly cheap – only slightly more expensive than rail travel.
If you’re flying to Bulgaria or plan to take short flights within the country, we recommend using a few different flight comparison search engines. Kiwi is a new favourite among travellers. On average, we have found the cheapest flights with them compared to the other websites out there.
Of course, it is always worth checking Skyscanner to guarantee you’re getting the best deal. Both websites offer great flexible search options, allowing you to search the whole country of Bulgaria to find the cheapest airport to fly into, and also see prices for a full month if you’re flexible on travel dates.
Train travel in Bulgaria
For information on rail travel in Bulgaria see the State Rail Office site. If you are entering Bulgaria by car you must state which border crossing you’ll be using when you leave and also pay a road tax. Route restrictions only apply if you’re in transit through Bulgaria.
The country is a part of the Eurail network, which is a good choice if you plan to take multiple train journeys in a short period of time. Eurail offers both multi-country passes and One Country Passes. To decide whether you should buy individual tickets from A to B, or whether you should purchase a Eurail pass, read our Travelling Europe by Train guide.
Bus travel in Bulgaria
Bulgaria has a reliable and sophisticated coach service which allows visitors to travel inland between major towns and cities. A return trip from Sofia to the coast would only cost you about £10 and would normally take between 5 or 6 hours depending on traffic and weather conditions. For further details on schedules and prices contact www.etapgroup.com – one of Bulgaria’s biggest coach companies.
Driving in Bulgaria
If you want the flexibility to stop in smaller towns between the major cities, check AutoEurope or Europcar to compare offers from the major car rental agencies in the region. Before deciding, read more about what to expect of driving in Europe.
Public transportation in Bulgaria’s cities
Bus and tramway services operate in Sofia and a metro is currently being built. Tickets must be pre-purchased and flat fares are charged. Taxis are available in all towns and for intercity journeys. It is recommended that the taxi fare is agreed with the driver before the journey.
Backpacking Tours in Bulgaria
Though part of the fun of backpacking Bulgaria is exploring on your own, there are situations, especially when venturing off the tourist trail, when it does make sense to go with a guide or a small group. For these times, a popular option among backpackers is G Adventures. They hand-select local guides to ensure authenticity and quality. This is especially a good option for those travelling Bulgaria alone who would like to meet up with like-minded travellers. Their most popular trip in Bulgaria is their 13-day Budapest to Istanbul tour which also includes time in Turkey, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria.
Health and Safety in Bulgaria
Bulgaria has a reciprocal health agreement with the UK. If a UK passport and NHS medical card are produced, hospital, dental and other medical care will normally be provided free of charge. However, prescribed medicines must be paid for and can be supplied by public pharmacies.
No vaccinations are required for entry to Bulgaria. It is advisable to drink bottled water for the duration of your stay. Generally food is safe in restaurants and hotels; however the street vendors should be avoided. It is also recommended that adequate health insurance is taken out before visiting Bulgaria.
Entry visa requirements for Bulgaria
Most EU citizens are admitted to Bulgaria without a visa for stays of less than 90 days. If you wish to reside in Bulgaria on a more permanent basis you should contact the Bulgarian Embassy in London and arrange for an appropriate visa. Prior to travelling you should ensure that your passport has a validity of at least three months beyond the end of your intended stay.
Foreigner work permits and backpacker jobs in Bulgaria
Bulgaria’s main areas of tourism are the beach and ski resorts. New hotels, holiday complexes and restaurants are constantly emerging with the need for all sorts of workers from waiters and bartenders to supporting personnel and office staff. See www.bulgariaski.com and www.beachbulgaria.com for more information.
There are some opportunities in Bulgaria to work in telesales. A company called Taxback supply accommodation, with offices ideally located in the centre of Varna and only a five minute walk to the beautiful Black Sea beaches. They arrange your visa and your return flight is paid for after 6 months of working with them. Full training is provided plus one year of work with a possible extension. See www.gapyear.com for further details.
- www.capital.bg – is a Bulgarian newspaper
- www.pari.bg – is another Bulgarian newspaper
- www.itjobs.bg – gives information on jobs for IT people in Bulgaria
- www.jobs.bg – is a leading recruitment service in Bulgaria
Bulgaria Hostels and Budget Accommodation
For those of you watching your budget, youth hostels can be found in over 30 main towns. We have had good experiences finding hostels on HostelWorld. They have the largest inventory of hostels worldwide, and with over 10 million reviews and ratings from other travellers, you know exactly what to expect.
Another good way to find accommodation in Bulgaria is by checking hotels.com and booking.com. With both sites, you’ll not only find hotels, but also homestays, hostels, and other unique accommodation. We have discovered some great finds and have appreciated the ability to book ahead. You can use their advanced filtering to narrow your results by budget, location score, overall review score, and amenities. Many of the places on booking.com also offer free cancellation, which takes the pressure off the planning phase of your trip.
Campsites in Bulgaria are characterised from I to III, with the top two categories having hot and cold water, showers, restaurants, shops, sports facilities and telephones. The camping areas are located in the main tourist areas.
Hotels in Bulgaria are classified according to the European star-grading system, but some standards are comparatively low. However, some hotels have taken special measures to ensure they meet international standards with luxury hotels available in the larger cities.
Useful Links for travel in Bulgaria
- Eurail – Rail Passes for travellers who plan on doing lots of train travel in a short period of time. Single-Country and Multi-Country passes available
- Omio – Train, bus, and flight search for all of Europe. Offers online booking and mobile tickets
- Auto Europe and Europcar – Europe’s leading rental car search engines
- Kiwi, Skyscanner, and Opodo – Flight comparison search engines to find the cheapest flights to Bulgaria and within the country
- GetYourGuide and Viator – a collection of local tours and activities. Also offers Skip the Line tickets for crowded attractions
- Tiqets – Website selling entrance tickets and skip the line tickets for major attractions
- G Adventures – guided small group tours, great for solo travellers or for those interested in a more adventurous trip which would require a guide
- HostelWorld – #1 hostel search website. Thousands of hostels and millions of reviews from fellow travellers
- Booking.com – commonly used booking site. Hostels, hotels, and other unique accommodation with advanced filtering and millions of reviews
- Travel Insurance – read our comprehensive overview of Travel Insurance and some recommended providers
- National Tourist Information Centre 1 Sveta Nedelia Square, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria Tel: (2) 987 9778. Fax: (2) 989 6939.
- Embassy of the Republic of Bulgaria 186-188 Queens Gate, London SW7 5HL, UK Tel: (020) 7584 9400 or 9433 or 7581 4903 (tourism department)
There you have it, the ultimate Bulgaria backpacking guide. We hope you have found all the information you need for backpacking around Bulgaria.
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