Backpacking Chile

Looking for important travel information while backpacking around Chile? Here you will find information on working in Chile, entry visas, Chile hostels, and much more.

Table of Contents

Facts About Chile

Chile is a south American country with a very distinctive shape. It stretches 4630km along the south western coast, and at its widest only spans 240km. While the very narrow width of the country may be deceptive, Chile is smaller in area than only 37 other countries in the world. It is much larger than the United Kingdom.

The country’s remarkable landscape is dominated by the peaks of the Andes mountain range, which is home to a number of active volcanoes. The Pacific laps against the country’s western coast. Bolivia, Argentina and Peru have borders with Chile.

Contrasting sharply with the unwelcoming ruggedness of the Andes is the southern Lake District which is home to Araucanians who are indigenous to the country. The northern landscape stretches to the Atacama Desert which is scorched and has conditions which are so harsh and dry that it is very difficult to inhabit. The Incas once began to move to the desert thousands of years ago, but because of the conditions found it very difficult to settle. The desert area is rich in copper, nitrates and other minerals.

The Strait of Magellan, in the south of Chile, takes its name from Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who stumbled across it in 1520. Peruvian Spanish gold-seekers came in search of fortune towards the middle of the sixteenth century, and the capital city of Santiago was founded in 1541. Rich in agricultural potential, Chile officially became part of Peru. After centuries of struggle against Peruvian Spanish rule, Chile became independent in 1818.

As well as this distinctive and variable area of South America, Chile possesses some Pacific islands: Easter Island, about 3700km from the mainland, and the Juan Fernandez islands which lies about 670km away from Chile itself. Hundreds of very small islands lie close to the country. Chile also claims 1,250,000km of Antarctic land.

Santiago, the largest of Chile’s cities, is the country’s capital. It is located in the central valley and locals enjoy a good standard of living. Impressive sky scrapers, a high speed motorway linking the east and west of the city, a metro and cutting edge apartment blocks are a result of steady economic growth. However, the climate means that smog and pollution can be a problem, especially in large and busy cities such as Santiago.

The official language of Chile is Spanish, although it is quite different from the language spoken in mainland Spain. The dropping of some final consonants, the missing out of certain syllables, the use of a lot of colloquialisms and the high speed of the speech in Chile can make it difficult for even a Spanish speaker to keep up.

The currency is the Chilean Peso. For an immediate and up to date currency converter, take a look at xe.com. Credit cards are widely accepted in the towns, although you should carry cash in more rural areas in case cards are not taken.

Climate

With the different landscapes of Chile comes a varying climate. The summer runs from April to September, and the winter is during the UK summer.

The desert regions of the north of the country are incredibly dry, and it almost never rains. Despite its latitude however, it can be cloudy. The temperature and climate is similar throughout the year.

Santiago, typical for central Chile, has mild winters with changeable weather and warm and largely dry summers.

Wet and windy weather dominates the southern region of the country, with rain turning to snow in the mountainous areas.

For a more detailed description of Chile’s climate, and a look at a weather forecast for when you plan to visit, have a look at the BBC Weather website.

Things to see and do

  • Easter Island is one of Chile’s most popular tourist attractions. The Pacific island’s bizarre Moai Stone statues stand along the coast and were originally carved out of volcanic ash.
  • The extreme and varying landscape of Chile has recently found itself a tourist attraction among travellers and backpackers. Volcanoes such as Parinacota, which stands at 6350m on Chile’s border with Bolivia, are a must to get a sense of the country’s incredible natural history and varying breathtaking views.
  • Also in the north of the country in the Tarapaca region, at the foot of Parinacota, is the stunning and serene Lake Chungara. The calmness of the lake today starkly contrasts with its origins – it was create as the result of a violent avalanche from Parinacota.
  • San Pedro de Atacama, a settlement built around an oasis in the Atacama Desert called offers visitors an insight into the Inca culture. Museo Arqueologico R P Gustavo Le Paige, a museum in San Pedro de Atacama, has interesting exhibitions displaying ancient mummies, and a looking around the area you will not be able to miss the intricate Inca architecture.
  • In stark contrast to the desert terrain of the north, visitors can also get some alpine action in ski resorts such as Valle Nevado in the Andes. This popular snow resort is about 50km west of the capital, and offers skiing, snowboarding and heliskiing.
  • For a beach holiday head to Lake Villarrica in the south, or one of several resorts in the north such as Coquimbo, Arica, or Le Serena.

Travel

The main airport in Chile is about half an hour by road from Santiago and is called Comodoro Arturo Merino Benitez International Airport.

The Chilean airline, LanChile, offers flights around the world as well as internal flights to cities in Chile. If you are planning to travel around the country, be sure to ask for a book of loyalty vouchers called the Lanpass from LanChile which will get you discounts on internal flights. These internal flights usually leave from an airport a short taxi ride from Comodoro Arturo Merino Benitez called Pudahuel National Airport.

The railways in Chile are generally out of use because of the risk of earthquakes. Flying is a quick option for long journeys. Tur Bus is a major bus company which runs services all over Chile for long distance journeys. Beware though – these journeys can be very long and hot.

Santiago itself has a quick, efficient and clean metro, which is user-friendly and you can buy a rechargeable ‘multivia’ ticket to save you buying a ticket for each trip. The metro stops running at around 10.30pm every day, but buses, known as ‘micros’ run later.

Taxis can be expensive, but it is definitely worth taking advantage of the ‘collectivo’ taxi service. These cabs run the same routes daily, and often work out cheaper than buses. You will share with others and the price can vary but is generally lower than a standard taxi.

Accommodation

The last decade has seen the numbers of tourists in Chile increase, and the accommodation on offer now caters for your needs, especially in the capital and main tourist areas.

Backpacking hostels are the cheapest places to stay, and are usually comfortable and clean. But always be sure to look after your valuables.

For instance, a place in a dormitory in a hostel called Casa Margouya in Puerto Varas, costs as little as £9 a night. This price is fairly standard, even in Santiago. The Andes Hostel, for instance, charges just over £6 per night in a dormitory, and is located in a lively, trendy part of the capital.

Do your research before booking anywhere – word of mouth is always the best recommendation. Failing this, check out websites specifically designed for backpackers, such as vipbackpackers.com. If at all possible, book your accommodation before you arrive, particularly in the more popular and more remote areas, where it may be difficult to find somewhere at short notice.

Health care issues

While there are no compulsory vaccinations you should have before entering Chile, you should be immunised against tetanus and hepatitis A before travelling. Ask your GP’s advice for other vaccinations – you may be recommended protection from typhoid, rabies, hepatitis B, diphtheria, and tuberculosis depending on the nature of your visit.

There are many companies which offer insurance, including Insure and Go. This website offers an insurance option specifically for backpackers, and allows you to choose between different packages ranging from £24 to £64 for 31 days travelling worldwide. Check the website for current prices and offers.

The Chilean health service treats emergency cases immediately, without asking for payment or proof of medical insurance beforehand, but it is vital you have insurance before you travel to prevent large costs.

The following are the three digit emergency telephone numbers to dial for emergency services in Chile:

Police – 133
Fire brigade – 132
Ambulance – 131

For tourist information, contact Servicio Nacional de Turismo (known as SERNATUR), based on Avenida Providencia 1550, Providencia, Santiago. If you need to contact SENATUR when you are in Chile, telephone 2731 8336 or 2731 8337.

For help or advice in Chile visit: British Embassy
Avenida El Bosque Norte 0125,
Las Condes,
Santiago,
Tel. 00 56 2 370 4100.

www.gov.uk

Useful links

  • SERNATUR, the Chilean tourist information service should be able to provide answers to any of your questions.
  • For details of the British Embassy in Chile, have a look at the www.britishembassy.gov.uk.
  • The Chile Information Project website provides details of most aspects of living in, or visiting Chile. The site includes information on earthquakes, education and food and drink.
  • Visit Chile is a useful website to learn about the geography, history and culture of the country. It also has information about hostels and lodges, and the seasons and climate.
  • For more accommodation suggestions, have a look at the VIP Backpackerssite which is aimed specifically at meeting the needs of backpackers.
  • To call a Chilean telephone number from the UK, the dialling code is 0056. For the area codes of the different cities in Chile, take a look at countrycallingcodes.com.

Entry Visas for Chile

If you are a national of the United Kingdom and you hold a valid passport with at least six months remaining, and an outward ticket, you may enter Chile for up to 90 days without a visa. You will be asked the address of where you are staying when you enter the country. If you want to stay in Chile for longer than 90 days, you can apply for an extension from Ministerio del Interior, Departamento de Extranjeria y Migracion, Moneda 1342, Santiago. You may only be granted one extension, at a cost of $100.

For more information, have a look at the Chilean Embassy in London’s websitewhich lists the countries whose residents do not need visas if staying in Chile for less than 90 days.

You cannot work in Chile without a visa.

The Chilean Embassy in the UK is located at:
Embassy of Chile in United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland
12 Devonshire Street,
London, W1G 7DS,
United Kingdom
Tel: 020 7580 6392
echileuk.demon.co.uk

Foreigner Work Permits in Chile

To work in Chile, it is essential you have a visa. You cannot obtain a visa to work when you are in Chile , you must get one from the Chilean Consulate before entering the country. Contact the British Consulate at Avenida El Bosque Norte 0125, Las Condes, Santiago, or telephone 00 56 2 370 4100 from the UK.

This makes it very difficult because one of the requirements to obtain a visa to work in Chile is that you have proof and details of your employer before you enter the country, in the form of a contract. This means that tourists are not able to legally find casual work when already in the country with ‘tourist’ status, without a visa.

How to Say Common Spanish Phrases

With a few words of basic Spanish, you will find it much easier to communicate with the locals. You will find that more people speak English in Santiago and other larger towns than in the more extreme and less populated areas. Locals will appreciate you making an effort with the language, even if you are not word perfect. Chileans’ accents can be thick, and their Spanish quite different from the standard.

Meeting People

English
Spanish
yes
si
no
no
thank you
gracias
You are welcome
De nada
please
por favor
Excuse me
Discúlpeme
hello
hola
goodbye
adiós
Good morning
Buenos dias
Good night
Buenas noches
I do not understand.
No entiendo.
Do you speak…?
Habla usted…?
English
Inglés
Spanish
Español
What is your name?
Como se llama usted?
Nice to meet you
Encantado de conocerle
How are you?
Cómo estás?
Good
bien
bad
mal

Directions

English
Spanish
map
el mapa
left
la izquierda
right
la derecha
Straight on
directo
far
lejos
near
cerca

Methods of Transport

English
Spanish
Where is…?
Dónde está…?
How much is the fare?
Cuanto es lo justo?
Ticket
boleto
A ticket to…, please.
Un boleto para…, por favor.
Where are you going?
Hacia dónde vas?
Where do you live?
Dónde vive usted?
train
el tren
bus
el autobús
underground
el metro
airport
el aeropuerto
Train station
la estación del tren
Bus station
la estación de autobuses
Underground station
la estación del metro
departure
la salida
arrival
la llegada
parking
el estacionamiento

Time

English
Spanish
What time is it?
Qué hora es?
Today
hoy
yesterday
ayer
tomorrow
mañana

Accommodation

English
Spanish
hotel
el hotel
room
el cuarto
reservation
la reservación
Are there any vacancies?
Tiene habitaciones?
No vacancies.
No hay lugares.
Passport
el pasaporte

Places

English
Spanish
Post office
la officina de correo
bank
el banco
Police station
la estación de policía
hospital
el hospital
chemist
la farmacia
shop
la tienda
restaurant
el restaurante
museum
el museo
church
la iglesia
square
la plaza
strret
la calle

Shopping

English
Spanish
How much does this cost?
Cuánto cuesta?
I will buy it
Lo compro
I would like to buy…
Me gustaría comprar…
Do you have…?
Tiene usted…?
open
abierto
closed
cerrado
postcard
la postal
stamps
los timbres
little
poco
lot
mucho
all
todo

Meals

English
Spanish
breakfast
el desayuno
lunch
el almuerzo
dinner
la cena
vegetarian
vegetariano/vegetariana
cheers!
skal!
The bill please
Me trae la cuenta por favor

Drinks

English
Spanish
drink
la bebida
coffee
el café
tea
el té
juice
el jugo
water
el agua
beer
la cerveza
wine
el vino

Food

English
Spanish
meat
la carne
fish
el pescado
vegetable
las verduras
fruit
la fruta
potato
la patata
salad
la ensalada
dessert
el postre

 

Chile Hostels

Hostels are a cheap form of accomodation, and so they are essential to backpackers and other budget travellers. We have compiled a list of hostels in Chile to help you plan your journey. If you are looking for a hostel in Chile, you’ve come to the right place.

Chile

There you have it, the ultimate Chile backpacking guide. We hope you have found all the information you need for backpacking around Chile.

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