Denmark is a beautiful country with a welcoming and friendly culture. Danes like to demonstrate their passion for modernity and Denmark is indeed very modern with its many museums and wonderful infrastructure. However, there is also a distinctive medieval feel to the country due to the preservation of outstanding churches and other historic buildings.
Denmark is a lively destination and a renowned festival hot-spot; there is a wide variety available, from jazz, rock, classical to country. However, if you are looking for a relaxing holiday then Denmark also offers many scenic islands to choose from, their coasts lined with picturesque fishing villages and little thatched cottages. The capital, Copenhagen, has bustling street activity all year round and, as it is the least expensive Scandinavian capital, is reasonably affordable for budget travellers.
- Currency: Danish Krone (Dkr) = 100 øre
- Time Zone: GMT + 1
- Language: Danish
- Telephone Services: Country Code +45
- Emergency Numbers: 112 for all services
Denmark has a reasonably warm summer beginning in June and lasting until about August. The winter months, December through to March, experience a very wet and cold climate. The Spring and Autumn seasons are generally mild.
Things to see and do
Copenhagen has a population of almost 1.8 million and is therefore the largest Scandinavian city. Copenhagen is a very green city with numerous parks and gardens all over the city. Copenhagen is a very lively city with so much to see and do during the day with the added bonus of an extremely active night scene.
At Amalienborg Palace, home to the throne since 1794, you can watch the changing of the guard and visit the museum, which gives you the chance to see the royal residences througout history. There are also many museums in Copenhagen, and if you choose only one, then choose the Nationalmuseet with its wonderful collection of Danish historical artefacts.
The Tivoli Amusement Park, in the centre, is well-known for its wide variety of attractions to cater for all; you can check out the great rides or go to the outstanding concerts. The most famous of all attractions in Copenhagen is the Little Mermaid statue which is a short walk north of the city centre. It is no doubt the smallest of the attractions, but draws the largest amount of attention.
If you would rather explore farther afield then the islands Christiansø and Ærø are both idyllic destinations. Christiansø is an hour by boat from Bornholm and the whole island is unspoiled; there are no cars or modern buildings. The island is in fact a preserved 17th century fortress. Ærø is another beautiful island with its own unique identity. There are daily ferries from Faaborg on Funen to Søby, which is situated on the western part of the island. Ærø is the home of many small villages and farms and the scenic landscape is the perfect place to see by bicycle.
Esbjerg is located on the West coast of Jutland and has a beautiful coastline with sandy beaches. This lively city is full of things to see and do, there are so many museums and galleries that you are spoilt for choice. Due to the fact that Esbjerg is a well-known fishing town, The Fisheries and Maritime Museum is a very popular attraction, with a recently opened saltwater aquarium. Esbjerg is a great destination and it is also a very good place to start your travels as it has excellent transport connections with the rest of Denmark.
The rail network in Denmark is efficient and connects the main cities on all the islands. Danish State Railways operate express trains called Lyntogs which are aimed at long-distance travellers without many stops (www.dsb.dk). There is also a new type of service available which is the IC3 intercity trains which are faster and more direct. The Englaenderen boat-train is another option and runs between Copenhagen and Esbjerg, offering connections with ferries from the UK. The Scanrail Pass allows unlimited travel in Denmark and also in Sweden, Norway and Finland. As everywhere in Europe, you can use Inter-Rail passes. Ferries are commonly used to travel around Denmark and there are not many buses which operate long distances, only really where there are no railways.
Denmark has a high number of camping grounds and hostels all over the country so budget travel is certainly catered for. There are 100 Youth and Family Hostels around the country but it is required that you have a membership card which you can obtain if you are a member of an affiliated organisation. For more information and a list of the location and ratings of the hostels visit the website at danhostel.dk. Campsites are also a good way of affordable travel and there are more than 500 which are recognised as having good facilities and amenities. The Danish Tourist Board can give you a full list of campsites and more information regarding their ratings.
The standard of health in Denmark is high and the UK has a reciprocal agreement with the Norwegian health service entitling British national to free emergency medical treatment. Further treatment cover can be obtained by bearing a completed E111 from. You should still take out travel insurance however as these two levels of cover will not extend to some medical treatments.
danhostel.dk has information on hotels in Denmark
Danish State Railways operates the rail network in Denmark
Copenhagen Kastrup Airport – find out details of the airport, runway length, destinations you can get to from Kastrup and customer reviews.