Looking for important travel information while backpacking in China? Here you will find information on working in China, entry visas, China hostels, and much more.
Table of Contents
- Facts about China and top things to do
- Tips for getting around China
- Finding budget accommodation in China
- Know before you go: Visas, Health, and Safety
- Volunteering and backpacker jobs in China
Facts About China
Arguably the most well known of the countries in Asia, China is a country of splendid mountain backdrops and a rich tradition steeped culture which most western tourists find irresistible. To some China is the land of emperors, ancient temples and warrior monks, others come to see the remnants of communism. No matter what your taste you will find plenty to do in China, from the more well-known sites such as the Great Wall of China and the Terracotta Army to lesser-known sites such as the Flaming Mountains near Turpan.
Of course, China hasn’t been standing still and in its cities, you will also find elements of western culture fused with Chinese traditionalism. Furthermore, China’s extreme size means that it is a fantastic destination for repeated visits; it would take literally years to explore all that this huge country has to offer.
- Currency: Yuan (Renminbi RMB) = 10 chiao/jiao or 100 fen
- Time Zone: GMT + 8
- Language: Chinese (Mandarin is the major dialect)
- Telephone Services: Country code +86, International access code 00
- Emergency Numbers: 110 Police, 119 Fire
Climate in China
When deciding the best time to visit China, the weather has to play a big role. China’s size means that the climate does vary considerably from one region to another so be sure to check weather patterns before deciding the best time to visit China.
The northeast generally boasts very hot, very dry summers but also some of the most bitterly cold winters. The northern and central regions have a lot of precipitation at all times of the year with hot summers and cold winters. The south-eastern area is the most temperate with nearly tropical summers and cool winters, there is still however a substantial amount of rainfall spread throughout the year.
Things to do in China
Beijing is China’s capital and is to some extent a gigantic showpiece of the Chinese governments. The city is famous for Tiananmen Square, the site is most famously the site of a massacre of thousands of students but is also the home of the Tiananmen Tower, Mao Zedong memorial hall and several other landmarks. The square lies at the centre of Beijing and is dominated by the Tower at the north end, which was originally built during the Ming Dynasty.
Also well worth a visit is the Forbidden City, again located in central Beijing this huge palace complex was used by both the Ming and Qing dynasties. It covers an impressive 74 hectares and it is advised to plan to spend at least half a day exploring all that the palaces have to offer.
If all of the tourism gets on top of you, however, just south-west of Tiananmen square is the Daguanyuan or “Grand View Garden”. This exquisitely picturesque garden boasts several small attractions of its own such as the Bamboo Lodge and the Cheerful Red Court but in many ways, these are secondary to its beautiful gardens.
Beijing also makes an ideal base for exploring some of the surrounding sites, there are numerous areas of the Great Wall open to visitors close to Beijing. The Jinshanling stretch is 90km in length and not as busy as some of the other stretches nearby.
Also, close by are the famous Ming Tombs. These 13 mausoleums each house one of the emperors of the Ming dynasty each holding various relics and treasures, amongst them in the mausoleum of Emperor Zhu Yijun is the imperial crown, one of China’s rarest treasures.
Most visitors to China don’t want to leave without visiting Xi’an. This city was formerly a major hub of trade from eastern China to Asia but is most famous for its Terracotta Army. Uncovered in 1974 with new statues still being discovered and restored to date each of the thousands of warriors has been sculpted uniquely and are thought to be exact likenesses of Emporer Qin’s actual army. The statues are armed with real weapons and include contingents of swordsmen, archers and cavalry.
Also of note in Xi’an is the Banpo Neolithic village which is a recreation of stone-age China, however, these and other attractions such as the Muslim Quarter pale into insignificance against the splendour of the Terracotta Army.
Shanghai is another of China’s major cities but to many, it represents the Western cultural invasion of the east and as such has earned itself a somewhat distasteful reputation amongst snobbier travellers. The most famous site is the “Temple of the Jade Buddha”, this splendid temple was built in 1882 to house two magnificent jade Buddha statues brought back from Burma by the monk Huigen.
Also worth a visit is the Shanghai Museum which hosts some 120,000 works of art including excellent exhibitions of Chinese Bronzes and Ming/Qing dynasty furniture. Of special interest is the splendid Jade gallery which boasts exhibits ranging as far back as 7000 years.
Unique Activities in China
Another good way to get an idea of things to do in China is to scan the activities offered by Get Your Guide or Viator. They work directly with local tour operators at the major tourist spots in China, so you won’t have to scour the internet or roam around town trying to find the best deal.
Tips for getting around China
Air Travel in China
If you’re flying to China or plan to take flights within the country, we recommend using a few different flight comparison search engines. Kiwi is a new favourite among travellers. On average, we have found the cheapest flights to China with them compared to the other websites out there.
Of course, it is always worth checking Skyscanner to guarantee you’re getting the best deal. Both websites offer great flexible search options, allowing you to search the whole country of China to find the cheapest airport to fly into, and also see prices for a full month if you’re flexible on travel dates.
China is an enormous country so travelling by air across larger distances is well worthwhile. Most tickets are booked through tour operators but backpackers or independent travellers can book through the Chinese International Travel Service which charges a commission. You can attempt to buy tickets from booking offices but you will find that the Chinese government has put some restrictions on foreign air travel, most notably you will be refused access to areas such as Tibet if you are not part of a “group tour” arranged through a tour operator or Chinese International Travel Service.
Train Travel in China
The rail service in China is in general good and offers a cheap and safe way to travel. The network covers some 52,000lm and reaches every province except for Tibet.
There are four different kinds of fares, hard and soft seated and hard and soft sleepers, it is generally quite cheap so you will be wanting to lay out the extra cash for the comfier seats/beds on most journeys. Children are offered discounts according to height rather than the more traditional age boundaries, children under 1m (3ft) will travel free and children under 1.3m (4ft) only pay a quarter fee.
Bus Travel in China
It is possible to reach most of China by bus, however, roads are not always of good quality and neither is the standard of driving. Buses are for the most part slow, crowded and in general a somewhat hair raising experience.
Buses are run by a variety of local companies and fares are usually paid for on the bus to the bus driver. It is worth noting that although hire-cars are available most companies will want to retain your passport and thus are not generally to be recommended. Cars, with drivers, can be hired easily in bigger cities.
Ferry Services in China
The final way to travel in China is by boat, all major rivers have ferry services on them and these are geared up to serve tourists quite well. The Yangzi is especially well catered for and there is a good selection of boat trips available.
Backpacking Tours in China
Though part of the fun of backpacking China is exploring on your own, there are situations, especially when venturing off the tourist trail, when it does make sense to go with a guide or a small group. For these times, a popular option among backpackers is G Adventures. They hand-select local guides to ensure authenticity and quality. This is especially a good option for those travelling China alone who would like to meet up with like-minded travellers. Their most popular trips in China are their 14-day Beijing to Hong Kong on a Shoestring tour, or their 15-day China Active Adventure tour for those interested in hiking and biking through China’s countryside.
China Hostels and Budget Accommodation
China boasts some 2350 “star-graded” hotels with about that number again of ungraded hotels so finding a place to stay near major cities shouldn’t pose much of a problem. Most hotels have good facilities and many of the pricier ones have a myriad of leisure activities on-site.
Budget travellers have two choices open to them, there are generally dormitories found in tourist hotspots although the conditions can be very poor and in some, you will want to take your own bed linen. Thankfully China is currently in the process of building a youth hostel network.
Like many backpackers, we have had good results finding hostels on HostelWorld. They have the largest inventory of hostels worldwide, and with over 10 million reviews and ratings from other travellers you know exactly what to expect.
Another good way to find accommodation in China is by checking hotels.com and booking.com. With both sites, you’ll not only find hotels, but also homestays, hostels, and other unique accommodation. We have discovered some great finds and have appreciated the ability to book ahead. You can use their advanced filtering to narrow your results by budget, location score, overall review score, and amenities. Many of the places on booking.com also offer free cancellation, which takes the pressure off the planning phase of your trip.
Entry Visa Requirements for China
A valid passport, a return ticket and a tourist visa are required by all non-Chinese nationals wishing to enter. Visas can be acquired from the local Chinese Embassy and cost ¥30 for a single entry visa and ¥45 for a multiple entry visa. It is worth noting that postal applications attract a ¥20 handling surcharge. All visitors are also required to fill in a health declaration certificate on arrival, entrance will be refused to HIV positive travellers.
Health and Safety in China
Medical costs are surprisingly low in China although many Western medicines are unavailable. Facilities in China’s international hospitals are nearly as good as those in Western hospitals although it is still advised that you take out comprehensive travel insurance.
Typhoid and polio vaccinations are recommended before travelling to China, these can be obtained from your local GP for around ¥40. Cholera is also a slight risk in China although the medical community is somewhat divided on whether vaccinations are effective, you should consult your GP for up to date medical advice before travelling. Malaria is present in most regions of the country and it is recommended that you carry chloroquine in most areas and mefloquine in Hainan and Yunnan.
Outside main cities water should be boiled before use for either washing or consumption, meat should be well cooked and served hot and vegetables should be cooked and peeled. Although in the cities there are no large problems normal precautions should be observed when buying food from smaller restaurants or street vendors.
Volunteering, Work Permits, and Backpacker Jobs in China
As is the case with a lot of Asian countries, work opportunities are difficult to come by in China due to the weakness of the economy. Most chances of work will be found in teaching English, or volunteering.
Volunteering in China
Teaching English in China
Schools, colleges, and universities are often looking for teachers to help with educating their students in English. Start looking for work in the main cities, Shanghai for example. Training to receive the TEFL qualification before leaving the UK can sometimes be advantageous, but in China, it is not usually essential or even necessarily looked at, but teaching experience is always helpful to have.
The British Council organise one-year placements for students wanting to teach English in China, the requirements are that you speak English, hold a valid EU passport, and have completed secondary education. Language assistants usually earn between 2500 and 3500 yuan per month (approx. ¥183 to ¥256), for up to 18 hours of weekly work and are often provided with accommodation.
In China, volunteers with the Project Trust work in developing areas as teachers of English in schools. In 2003 volunteers were sent to Guangdong, Shandong, and Gansu, three somewhat different areas in terms of their stage of development. This type of work gives volunteers the opportunity to help in the community and to experience a completely different lifestyle to what they are used to, seeing communities develop and being part of this.
GAP Activity Projects Ltd
GAP arranges volunteer programmes specifically aimed at gap year students. In China, volunteers work in schools with children aged 11 to 18 and in teachers’ colleges with students aged 18 to 22, as well as some placements in a medical college. Work consists of teaching spoken English to the students in different areas south of Beijing. GAP provides accommodation and food, and pocket money is provided.
Baptist Missionary Society
BMS sends youth teams to help with teaching and community work, as well as practical projects including building and development of particular sites. Volunteers are required to fund their own travel, insurance, accommodation, and food, which can amount to up to ¥3000. Applicants for the BMS should be aged between 18 and 25 and be Christian.
Projects Abroad runs one month or more long programmes where volunteers teach English to schoolchildren, take part in animal care, or even work in the local media and medical centres. In China, volunteers go to Shanghai on whichever type of work they choose. Accommodation is provided either with host families or living with other teachers in local hostels.
VentureCo‘s 16-week programme combines aid projects with expeditions from Cambodia, through Vietnam, to Laos, and finally China. The first three weeks are spent in what is known as ‘cultural orientation’ consisting of visiting various places guided by a team who introduce you to the culture and traditions of the country, and learning the Khmer language.
The following four weeks consist of community aid work in Koh Kong, involving teaching and food distribution to underprivileged children. A 9-week expedition then follows taking you through Vietnam: Saigon, HoiAn, China Beach, and Hue City; Laos: Vientiane, Luang Prabang, and the Mekong River, and finally China: Kunming, Lijiang, the Yangtze, Xi’an, Beijing, and finishing with a trek on the Great Wall of China. Programmes with VentureCo are self-funded and can cost you up to ¥5000, which includes travel, food, accommodation, transport, and fees for the activities themselves.
Useful Links for Backpacking in China
- China National Tourist Office is a good source of information for visitors to China
- Kiwi and Skyscanner – Flight comparison search engines to find the cheapest flights to China and within the country
- GetYourGuide and Viator – a collection of local tours and things to do in China. Also offers Skip the Line tickets for crowded attractions
- Tiqets – Website selling entrance tickets and skip the line tickets for major tourist spots in China
- G Adventures – small backpacking tours in China, great for solo travellers or for those interested in a more adventurous trip which would require a guide
- HostelWorld – #1 hostel search website. Thousands of hostels and millions of reviews from fellow travellers
- Booking.com – commonly used booking site. Hostels, hotels, and other unique accommodation with advanced filtering and millions of reviews
- Travel Insurance – read our comprehensive overview of Travel Insurance and some recommended providers for your backpacking trip to China
There you have it, the ultimate China backpacking guide. We hope you have found all the information you need for backpacking around China.
Liked this article? Share it with others who might be after the same information!