Looking for important travel information while backpacking in Australia? Here you will find information on working in Australia, entry visas, Australia hostels, and much more.
Table of Contents
- Facts About Australia
- Things to do in Australia
- Entry Visa Requirements for Australia
- Working holidays and volunteer projects in Australia
- Australia Hostels
Facts About Australia
Most travellers have a misconception about Australia, people picture a country populated by beer-swilling alligator hunters who are all called Bruce. In actuality, nothing could be further from the truth. Australia is an incredibly cosmopolitan country whose sheer size offers the backpacker years worth of travel.
Furthermore, the Australian population is remarkably progressive, friendly and laid back, these factors coupled with breathtaking scenery and fascinating indigenous wildlife has seen the number of tourists travelling to Australia rising every year.
- Currency: Australian Dollar (A$) = 100 cents
- Time Zone: Covers 3 timezones from GMT + 10 to GMT +8
- Language: English
- Telephone Services: Country code +61, International access code 0011
- Emergency Numbers: 000 for all services
Climate in Australia
When deciding the best time to visit Australia, the weather certainly plays a large role. Australia lies in the southern hemisphere so the seasons are the opposite of those in Europe or America. While the countries in the northern hemisphere are having their winter Australia is having its summer.
Furthermore, Australia has two distinct climatic zones depending on location. The tropical zone in the north only experiences two distinct seasons, the summer which is wet and the winter which is dry, throughout the year this region experiences very warm temperatures.
The temperate zone lies in the south, below the tropic of cancer and experiences four distinct seasons with warm days and mild nights in the summer and spring and cooler but still sunny days in the winter. The only snowfall you are likely to see in Australia is confined to the mountains in the south-east.
Things to do in Australia
Canberra is the capital of Australia, although many people think it is Sydney. Sydney has much to offer to visitors, a sprawling metropolis where travellers can spend weeks just exploring.
The Rocks is one of the most visited areas of the city being the site that both Sydney and the country of Australia were founded. It is easily the oldest area of Sydney and is found at the foot of the world famous Sydney Harbour Bridge. In this area, you can find an excellent selection of cosmopolitan cafes and restaurants in buildings which have been preserved from the colonial era. Attractions in this district of the city include the Museum of Contemporary Art and Cadman Cottage which is the oldest building in Sydney and was originally built as a barracks in 1816.
Close by right on the water is the world famous Sydney Opera House, this building’s distinctive geometry has lead to it being lauded as one of the wonders of the modern world. After visiting The Rocks, the opera house and Sydney Harbour Bridge there is still plenty more sites to see including the zoo, the Royal Botanic Gardens and the 19th century Fort Denison.
Then, of course, there is always Bondi beach which is one of the most famous beaches in the country and offers all of the sunning, surfing and swimming you would expect from an Australian beach.
One of the most famous sites in the country is, of course, Ayers Rock or Uluru which is an icon of Australia’s aborigine heritage. This enormous 3.6 km long outcrop reaches 348m high and looks particularly impressive against the surrounding flat country.
The rock is sacred to the Angangu Aborigines and is subsequently surrounded by caves which sport ancient examples of aboriginal rock art. It is possible to climb the rock, and indeed this was once a great tradition but the aborigines who have now been granted ownership of the land prefer visitors not to climb it, many visitors are respecting this wish and as an advocate of responsible travel we would highly recommend doing the same.
Great Barrier Reef
Another prime tourist attraction is one of Australia’s great national treasure and takes the form of the Great Barrier Reef. The fantastic coral reef extends most of the way along the Queensland coast and is located about 50km off the coast.
The southern stretch has a whole myriad of islands which provide resorts facilities or camping grounds close to the reefs. Those looking for a little bit of adventure in their trip shouldn’t pass up the chance to go scuba diving around the reefs. Although this is quite expensive it is definitely an experience of a lifetime and we advise anyone who gets the chance to seize it.
Unique Activities in Australia
Another good way to get an idea of things to do in Australia is to scan the activities offered by Get Your Guide or Viator. They work directly with local tour operators, so you won’t have to scour the internet or roam around town trying to find the best deal.
If you know your schedule ahead of time, a great insider tip is to buy tickets for major tourist attractions ahead of time. Tiqets has entrance tickets and skip the line passes for major tourist spots in Australia like the Gold Coast, Katoomba, Melbourne, Oxenford, Surfers Paradise, Sydney, and Tamborine Mountain so that you can avoid the lines and save that precious time for more exploring.
How to Travel Around Australia
Air Travel in Australia
Australia is so big that the most accepted form of inter-city travel is by air. There is a number of domestic airlines operating in Australia, the main ones being Qantas and Virgin Australia. For flying to Australia or plan to take flights within the country, we recommend using a few different flight comparison search engines. Kiwi is a new favourite among travellers. On average, we have found the cheapest flights to Australia with them compared to the other websites out there.
Of course, it is always worth checking Skyscanner to guarantee you’re getting the best deal. Both websites offer great flexible search options, allowing you to search the whole country of Australia to find the cheapest airport to fly into, and also see prices for a full month if you’re flexible on travel dates.
Train travel in Australia
Although air travel is the normal method of long-distance travel Rail Australia run a very modern rail service which could save you a bit of money. The main service of interest to travellers is the coast to coast twice-weekly “Indian Pacific” although there are several more frequent and shorter services available.
Bus travel in Australia
The major bus operator in Australia is Greyhound, which runs a range of inter-city routes in very comfortable and well-equipped buses. Although this is the cheapest way to travel, be warned that the distances are huge so you could be in for some long journeys.
There is a range of passes available, travellers using the Aussie Explorer pass choose a set route and then have a certain time period to complete the route with as many stops as you want. If you require more flexible travel then the Aussie Kilometre Pass allows you to buy a set distance which you can use on any routes in any way you see fit.
Car rental in Australia
If you are travelling to Australia, and you want to have a bit more freedom than a coach or plane, then you may want to consider buying or renting a car. If you do decide to buy a car, then make sure that you are prepared for all eventualities.
Australia is a huge country, and it is possible to drive for hours before you see another person. You need to make sure that when you breakdown in Australia, you are able to get back on your way again as soon as possible.
Backpacker Tours in Australia
Though part of the fun of backpacking Australia is exploring on your own, there are situations, especially when venturing off the tourist trail, when it does make sense to go with a guide or a small group. For these times, a popular option among backpackers is G Adventures. They hand-select local guides to ensure authenticity and quality. This is especially a good option for those travelling Australia alone who would like to meet up with like-minded travellers. Their most popular trips in Australia are their 16-day Australia North to South tour and their 12-day Queensland Sand, Sailing & Dreamtime tour.
Health and Safety in Australia
Medical and dental care in Australia is widely available and doctors are trained to a very high standard. The overall quality of health provision is easily the equal of any Western European country. There is a reciprocal health agreement with the UK which allows free treatment for British Citizen in an emergency. Non-emergency treatment will be expected to be paid for so it is still worth taking out travel insurance.
There are no vaccinations recommended for travel to Australia, the tap water is safe to drink and the food is considered safe. Only normal everyday precautions need to be observed.
Entry Visa Requirements for Australia
All visitors to Australia require a passport valid for the duration of their stay. Members of the EU and US nationals are eligible for a special electronic visa called an ETA valid for a stay of up to 3 months. These ETAs are machine readable and invisible to the human eye, they can be obtained from airlines, travel agents or in some cases online at www.eta.immi.gov.au. Visitors countries not eligible for ETAs or those wishing to stay longer than 3 months will have to apply for an ordinary visa which is available from your local Australian High Commission.
Working holidays and volunteer projects in Australia
Pursuing a working holiday in Australia may require you to have a work permit. Luckily, Australia has a revolutionary program called the Working Holiday visa, which is an incredibly popular choice for young backpackers who are interested in doing a gap year or working abroad.
The visa grants a one year stay to young people between 18 to 30 years old (and citizens of Canada, France and Ireland who are 18 to 35 years old) to live and work in Australia for up to one year. The Australia immigration website has more details about how to apply for this program.
Become an Au Pair in Australia
Perhaps one of the best options for working holidays in Australia is to become an au pair. As an au pair in Australia, you’ll be placed with a host family and will typically help with child care and household work such as cleaning.
It’s best to work with a reputable program to find your Australia au pair placement. This will help ensure a clear contract between the host family and the au pair regarding expected working hours and spending money.
According to aupair.com, au pairs in Australia work for about 25-30 hours a week and can expect to earn at least 800-100 AU$ per month. The website is a great resource for au pair information and can help place you with a great host family.
Working Holidays in Australia at a bar, restaurant, or hostels
Another area to explore working holidays in Australia is to apply at the local bar, restaurants, or hostels. Although most of these jobs will pay minimum wage, they will still require that you have official permission to work in Australia as a foreigner.
Australia has one of the highest minimum wage rates in the world, with workers earning $12.14 per hour, and the tipping culture can mean you’ll be making much more during your working holiday in Australia.
Hostel jobs in Australia can be a great way to get to know fellow travelers or to take a short break while on the road to earn some spending money. Hosteljobs.com offers lots of different jobs at hostels in Australia from reception, to maintenance, to tour guides and event managers. You can try to apply for the jobs before backpacking in Australia, or you can also pick up work while already on the road. To get a hostel job in Australia, simply asking if they have any vacancy, showing your work ethic and enthusiasm.
Farm Jobs in Australia
The wine industry is huge in Australia and is always in need of seasonal farm workers to help pick grapes, oranges, bananas, and more. Fruitpickingjobs.com.au offers a database of farm jobs in Australia which offer pay. The farm jobs in Australia are normally seasonal, following the annual grape harvest.
If you’re less interested in earning wages and more interested in gaining valuable life experience, WWOOF is a voluntary organisation placing volunteers on organic farm jobs in Australia and throughout the world. Workers are provided with board and accommodation and must pay an annual membership of €10 to WWOOF, see their website for more details.
Volunteering in Australia
If you have the budget to support yourself, a worthwhile cause is to spend some time volunteering in Australia. Idealist is a multi-faceted website where you can find Internships, minijobs, and volunteer opportunities in Australia. Another great database of information and volunteer placements in Australia is Volunteer World. With them, you can find work on Great Barrier Reef conservation projects, or as an animal rescue volunteer working with endangered species.
Useful links to find working holidays and volunteer projects in Australia
- Australia immigration website – information about the Australian Working Holiday Visa for young people age 18-30
- aupair.com, Au Pair International or Au Pair World, all of which have great placements in Australia
- Wwoof.net – an international organization which helps travelers find farm jobs in Australia on all-organic farms
- Idealist – find internships, mini-jobs, and volunteer opportunities in Australia
- Volunteer World – extensive database of information and volunteer placements in Australia
- Fruitpickingjobs.com.au – a database of farm jobs for those interested in seasonal work and fruit picking jobs in Australia
- Hosteljobs.com – search engine for jobs in hostels for those interested in doing a working holiday among fellow travelers in Australia
Australia Hostels & Budget Accommodation
There are literally thousands of hotels and motels in Australia ranging from un-graded cheap motels to 5-star luxury hotels. The standard is very high and is at least the equal of Western Europe. In major cities, you should be able to find somewhere without an advance booking fairly easily.
Bed and Breakfast or guesthouse style accommodation is very common and is often a lot more affordable than staying in a hotel. Accommodation in this sector ranges from guest houses on farms to rooms above pubs. Obviously the standard varies quite considerably but generally, the accommodation is basic but comfortable.
There are plenty of hostels in Australia, especially around the cities and more densely populated areas. We have had good experiences finding hostels on HostelWorld. They have the largest inventory of hostels worldwide, and with over 10 million reviews and ratings from other travellers, you know exactly what to expect.
Another good way to find accommodation in Australia is booking.com. They have advanced filtering (price, location score, reviews, amenities) and allow you to search for hotels, homestays, hostels and other unique accommodation. We have discovered some great finds that would have otherwise required hours of research simply filtering by budget and review score (8+) on booking.com.
Useful Links for Backpacking in Australia
- The Australian Government issues ETA visas to some nationalities online
- Greyhound operates an excellent inter-city bus service and offers a range of travel passes in Australia
- Rail Australia operates the rail network in Australia
- Kiwi and Skyscanner – Flight comparison search engines to find the cheapest flights to Australia and within the country.
- GetYourGuide and Viator – a collection of local tours and things to do in Australia. Also offers Skip the Line tickets for crowded attractions
- Tiqets – Website selling entrance tickets and skip the line tickets for major tourist spots in Australia
- G Adventures – guided backpacking tours in Australia, great for solo travellers or for those interested in a more adventurous trip which would require a guide
- HostelWorld – #1 hostel search website to find accommodation while backpacking Australia. Thousands of hostels and millions of reviews from fellow travellers.
- Booking.com – commonly used booking site to find accommodation in Australia. Hostels, hotels, and other unique accommodation with advanced filtering and millions of reviews
- Travel Insurance – read our comprehensive overview of Travel Insurance and some recommended providers for your backpacking trip to Australia
There you have it, the ultimate Australia backpacking guide. We hope you have found all the information you need for backpacking around Australia.
Liked this article? Share it with others who might be after the same information!